Brexit: What are the key points of the deal? The Umayyad mosque was famous for its minaret, destroyed on 24 April, which had stood since 1090Photograph: Michele Falzone/Corbis The mosque has been extensively damaged by the … The third Mosque we are going to know more about is the Great Mosque of Damascus.. Great Mosque of Damascus, also called Umayyad Mosque, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between AD 705 and 715 by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I. Duration: 00:53. The courtyard is enclosed by four exterior walls. A large courtyard occupies the northern part of the mosque complex, while the haram ("sanctuary") covers the southern part. Whether the destruction is targeted or not, the damage highlights the difficulties of protecting a nation's cultural heritage in wartime. By the end of the 4th century, it was converted into a Christian church and associated with Saint John the Baptist based on the legend his head (also known as a relic) buried inside the church. The original temple was known for its beauty and size, the largest temple in Roman Syria, dedicated to the god Jupiter. The video appeared genuine and corresponded to other reporting. Playing next. This is the first monumental work of architecture in the history of Islam. Hope to see Umayyad again restored and hope to see people praying there.. The mosque is also believed by Muslims to be the place where Jesus (Isa) will return at the End of Days. 'The regime has done all it can to tear apart the Syrian social fabric,' the Coalition said in a statement. While almost all historical places in government-controlled parts of Syria have survived, some with minor damage, others with major damaged from terrorist shelling and bombs. In 1126, the Crusader army led by Baldwin II fought Burid forces led by Toghtekin at Marj al-Saffar near Damascus; however, despite their tactical victory, the Crusaders failed in their objective to capture Damascus. Damascus witnessed the establishment of several religious institutions under the Ayyubids, but the Umayyad Mosque retained its place as the center of religious life in the city. The area where the Umayyad Mosque is situated has been a sacred site tor thousands of years. The minaret of Aleppo's ancient Umayyad mosque was destroyed on Wednesday, Syrian state media and a watchdog group reported, with the regime and rebels blaming each other. Black and white photograph A mounted black and white topographical photograph showing a view of Damascus, Syria. 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