2012 Web. These were typically sentimental pieces in verse that dealt with figures of antiquity (Alexander, Caesar, etc.) Photograph. With the onset of the Restoration, however, drama and the arts began to flourish as playwrights and actors alike began taking to the public once again. 3 credits. (2012). N.p., 2002. During this time, a premium was placed on the importance of human reason and on an empirical philosophy th… The Restoration and the eighteenth century saw an enormous upsurge of interest in natural philosophy, or what we now think of as science. Davenant in particular took the productions of the past and revitalized them with his newly established and patented theater in 1661. Trends There are three types of comedies that were popular during the Restoration. Georage Farquhar. Subjects: English Drama--Restoration, 1660-1700--History And Criticism; English Drama--18th Century--History And Criticism Empiricism is best described as A. the direct observation of experience, which infers that experience (including experimentation) is a reliable source of knowledge. Worldcat. Restoration Drama: Sentimentalism. . Margolis and Moss, Santa Fe. “Restoration Drama.” Theatre History. They converted the old tennis court into the Lincoln’s Inn Fields Theatre. Search. When studying Restoration and early 18th century drama, a predominant theme that appears is the suppression of women. Photograph. The birth of stars. diss., King's Collge London, 2013 ). . William Wycherley was born in 1640 and created plays during the height of the Restoration. A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage. 0 Reviews . . Born in 1677, Farquhar began writing for the theater in 1698 where he finished his first play, Love and a Bottle, at age 20. These plays centralized around a specific character who had an overshadowing trait. The controversy between religious conservatives and dramatists transpired for years. NNDB. ENGH 332: Restoration and 18th Century Drama Instructor Bio. This addition allowed for sexually suggestive scenarios on stage to become even more open and raunchy, a quality that greatly suited the public taste during this time. Web. – William Congreve, Prologue to The Way of the World. . Their theatre, Royal Drury Lane, or Drury Lane Theatre, opened May 7, 1663. featured. During this time, trends in theatre were very secret and personal. ENGH 332-001: Restoration and 18th Century Drama (Spring 2016) 01:30 PM to 02:45 PM MW Robinson Hall A105 . 1985; rpt. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Though the thrust stages of the 16th and 17th centuries were still widely used in the 18th century, they were fast losing popularity to a stage more similar to a modern day one. The drama of this period can be broken into two categories, comedies and tragedies. Some 500 plays survive, though only a handful of them are performed today, … A century … 6 May. Restoration comedy was written and performed from about 1660 to 1700, flourishing in the period after the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy. -W.E.B. as well as with mythological heroes. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell. A History of Early Eighteenth-Century Drama, 1700-1750. Scripts and performances reflected on the aristocracy of King Charles II, depicting the members of the upper class as being promiscuous rakes and libertines. Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Theatre Research is a peer-reviewed, academic journal published under the auspices of the department of English at Valdosta State University. But pleads no merit from his past behaviour. Some writers were persecuted and popular actors and actresses were fined. The Squire that’s buttered still, is sure to be undone. In: Restoration and 18th-Century Drama. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. This is the excerpt for a featured content post. Great Writers Student Library. This political event coincides with (and to some extent is responsible for) changes in the literary, scientific, and cultural life of Britain. ENGH 332-001: Restoration and 18th Century Drama (Spring 2014) 10:30 AM to 11:45 AM TR Robinson Hall B222 . Drama in the 18th Century England Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The complete plays of William Congreve. His works were best known for their wit and high spirits, as well as lewd undertones and fast plots that audiences of the time desired most. 6 May 2012 N.d. Staves, Susan. During the time of the Restoration, 18th century drama was very critical. Sentimental comedy-- a dramatic genre of the 18th century, denoting plays in which middle-class protagonists triumphantly overcome a series of moral trials. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Web. What once was a tennis court became an influential Restoration theatre. Usually these tragedies are reworkings of Shakespearean plays. Physical Advancements/Architecture In the case of many Restoration-era burlesque pieces, the 'target', so to speak, in Fielding's Tom Thumb, is the genre of 'heroic drama', which enjoyed mass popularity in the mid-17th century. One of the reasons of the decline of drama during the eighteenth century … Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. During his years of exile in France, Charles II came to admire the French entertainments and theatrical styles. Restoration and 18th Century Drama 3 ch (3C) [W] Traces British Drama from its bawdy rebirth in 1660, through the sentimental domesticity of the early eighteenth century, to the “laughing comedy” at the century’s end. The Duke’s Company originally practiced and performed at The Cockpit Theatre, then Lincoln’s Inn Fields, in Westminster. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. These advances allowed for more elaborate scene and set design, making even transformation scenes possible. A video depicting the important historical moments of the 17th an 18th century and its impact on British literature Such comedy aimed at producing tears rather than laughter. Most commonly used were works by Shakespeare (V&A). 3203: Restoration and 18th Century Drama. The patent was later moved, in 1732, to the Covent Garden Theatre in the center of Westminster, London. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 17 May 2012. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Limited to three attempts. Types of Restoration Drama During the time of the Restoration, 18th century drama was very critical. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. It was built on the Thames river so that viewers would arrive by boat. Gender Studies and Eighteenth-Century British Literature, The Role of Women in the Canonisation of Shakespeare: From Elizabethan Theatre to the Shakespeare Jubilee (PhD. Du Bois His most notable works were The Recruiting Officer and The Beaux’ Stratagem, composed in 1706 and 1707, respectively. "Teaching Eighteenth-Century women Writers." In 1695, Thomas Betterton, William Congreve and a few others set up an acting company. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Cite this chapter as: Scouten A.H. (1980) Restoration and 18th-Century Drama. The third and final form of comedy during the Restoration is the comedy of Intrigue. Writers did not seek to reform their works. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The dramatic literature of the eighteenth century was not of a high order. The Decline The company moved to it’s permanent location in 1671 (“Restoration Theatres”). These plays would typically mock the upper-class and would usually include vulgar and sexually suggestive language. Young, Mark. Instead they approached the laughter, satire, and ridicule as ways to attack their enemies (Bellinger). Restoration comedy of manners, sentimental comedy, and neoclassical and bourgeois tragedy. Course Description In 1660, Charles II returned from exile to rule Britain after the collapse of the Commonwealth. During this time period, known as the Commonwealth, theatres were closed. 23 Aug 2015. I love teaching because it takes us--beyond just making a living--to the real "ends" and "aims" of life: 'The true college will ever have but one goal - not to earn meat, but to know the end and aim of that life which meat nourishes.' Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1925. Each time they write they venture all they’ve won: Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Encyclopædia Britannica. Concentrating on plays from the heyday of 1660-1737, it… The Rover – Second Edition Drolls, or a shorter version of plays, quickly became popular because performers could evade some of the restrictions by having “musical entertainments” with friends in their own homes (“Western Theatre: Fix Citation throughoutEnglish Restoration: Theatre Movements“). Comedies of Humour were made popular by the Renaissance playwright and poet Ben Jonson earlier in the century. Restoration tragedy is classified as heroic tragedy. All this added to what one critic called the ‘drama of the audience’s self-presentation’. Section Information for Spring 2016. This course focuses on British plays written between 1660-1800 and performed in London's commercial theaters. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2012 Sexually explicit language was encouraged by King Charles II personally … Restoration and 18th Century : Practice Proper and good Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) on english literature for midterm exam, NTA/UGC NET/JRF/SET, PSC, PGT, TGT, PG, M.A. Another Suffered at first some trifling stakes to win: Before the Restoration period, dramatists had to keep all their activities to a minimum. But what unequal hazards do they run! 3 (2010): 145–159. N.p., n.d. In 1732, Rich’s son finally abandoned the theatre and moved to a new location (“Restoration Theatres”). Poets are bubbles, by the town drawn in, James II issued a formal declaration to attempt to correct issues with Restoration theatre such as immorality and profaneness. This course focuses on British plays written between 1660 and 1800 and performed in London's commercial theaters. Drama produced during harles’s reign and the century following it has been perceived in widely different ways. N.p., n.d. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Congreve, William, and Herbert John Davis. This author, heretofore, has found your favour, Davenant was finally able to perform his drolls (short plays) in an actual theatre fully equipped with a proscenium arch and wing-and-shutter scenery. Comedy of Manners were the most popular form of Restoration Drama. (2012). 6 May. Section Information for Spring 2014. Performances such as Hamlet, Macbeth, and The Tempest were heavily revised and altered to appeal to the larger audience. Web. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1993. To learn more, view our. Much of the Elizabethan Play writers blended tragedy and comedy, whereas the Restoration dramatists chose to separate the two (Nettleton). After being burnt down by a fire in 1672, Sir Christopher Wren sketched out a new architectural framework and the second Theatre Royal was created. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell. Home; About; Contact; Drury Lane Theatre. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. "Restoration comedy" is English comedy written and performed in the Restoration period from 1660 to 1710. (2004, April 13). The theatre was also created and built by Sir Christopher Wren. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Women as well began to make an appearance in theatre with the advent of the Restoration. “William Congreve.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Clever as these ... of eighteenth century German melodrama which was to serve as a model for French romanticist drama in the nineteenth century. 1795. The design and architecture of the actual stage, as well as advances in stage machinery, gave way to a flourishing theatrical era in the 1660s. Playwrights such as Killigrew and Davenant began casting females for their productions, and the women would go on to meet with good reception from the public audiences. Types of Restoration Drama 6 May 2012. The way of the world – review., Fix Citation throughoutEnglish Restoration: Theatre Movements, http://www.margolisandmoss.com/shop/margolis/1869.html, http://www.theatrehistory.com/british/restoration_drama_001.html, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/172153/Drury-Lane-Theatre, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/5296/The-Drury-Lane-Theatre-London-watercolour-by-Edward-Dayes-1795, http://udel.worldcat.org/title/english-drama-of-the-restoration-and-eighteenth-century-1642-1780/oclc/368635/viewport, http://www.nndb.com/people/207/000101901/, http://instruct.uwo.ca/english/234e/site/bckgrnds/maps/lndnmprstrtnthtrs.html, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/152470/Sir-William-Davenant, http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/r/restoration-drama/, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/849217/Western-theatre, http://westerntheatrehistory.com/EnglishMovements.aspx, http://www.theatrehistory.com/british/congreve001.html, http://www.bibliomania.com/0/6/274/1876/frameset.html, http://www.bbc.co.uk/oxford/stage/2004/04/the_way_of_the_world_review.shtml, The Drury Lane Theatre, London, watercolor by Edward Dayes, 1795, Lincoln’s Inn Fields Theatre: Watercolor by George Shepherd, 1811, The Duke’s Theatre at Dorset Garden (V&A), A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage. Background Encyclopædia Britannica. Also considers the history of the London theatre. Cambridge: University Press, 1910. Many dramatists strove to improve the theatre, but little was achieved. The company was fairly small and had little resources. Roach, Joseph R. The Player’s Passion: Studies in the Science of Acting. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. Jeremy Collier, a Protestant minister, possessed particularly strong feelings about Restoration theatre. Country Wife. Web. “Sir William Davenant”. The latter was written during the final months of his life at the behest of a close friend, and would go on to become his most renowned play. Upon reaching London, he issued two patents to leading playwrights of the time and performances began once again (Bellinger). “English Drama of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century (1642-1780).” (1914): 366. . Offered by English. The play features an overtly sexual pun in its very title, as well as robust language and devious character motives that, while popular at the time, have often prevented it from being performed in a more modern setting (Wycherley). Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Bellinger, Martha. Another common trend in theatre during the Restoration period was the reinterpretation of older plays. Many dramatists strove to improve the theatre, but little was achieved. Theories of drama and conventions of staging. The proscenium arch framed a scenic stage, a smaller stage attached to the back of the main stage, and used mainly for set pieces. This theatre is still located in the “eastern part of the City of Westminster,” and is “the oldest theatre in London that is still in use” (“Drury Lane Theatre”). Includes writers such as Wycherley, Behn, Congreve, and Cowley. Wycherley, W. (2012). 13 May. Web. urged society to see the inappropriate and vulgar references in theatre. This class will explore English drama of the Restoration and 18th century, with a focus on the structure and conventions of the comedy of manners. The journal features scholarship on late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century British and European drama … In this pamphlet, Collier argued three points: the distasteful and bawdy material, the recurrent references to the Bible or biblical characters, and the slander and insults directed towards the clergy. Web. “Western theatre”. in English, AP english, PhD entrance test, and other competitive examination. Text: The Broadview Anthology of Restoration and Early Eighteenth-Century Drama. A History of Restoration Drama. In fact there was a gradual deterioration and during the last quarter of the century drama was moving towards its lowest ebb. Restoration tragedy refers to neoclassical rules making it very imitative. Menu. Under the supervision of the Puritans, the theater and creativity had been heavily suppressed. Should grants to poets made admit resumption, Literature Compass 7 . The Country Wife, written in 1675, is a piece that in many ways represents the vast majority of the comedies produced during the Restoration. Macmillan International Higher Education, Nov 1, 1980 - Dramatists, English - 151 pages. After public stage performances had been banned for 18 years by the Puritan regime, the re-opening of the theatres in 1660 signalled a renaissance of English drama. This is the first new full-scale anthology of Restoration and eighteenth-century drama in over sixty years. With his belief that theatre should be eradicated, Collier wrote A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage in 1698 (“Western Theatre History”). Popular Theatres Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Drama: New Directions in the Field Nettleton, George. The Doreset Garden Theatre was created and built by Sir Christopher Wren (“Western Theatre”). Sir William Davenant was granted one of these royal patents and the Duke of York’s Company opened in 1661 (“Western Theatre”). Comedy of manners is used as a synonym of Restoration comedy. Plays from Vanbrugh’s The Relapse to Etherege’s The Man of Mode utilize humor, wit, and satire to criticize the imprudence and vulnerability of women. His 1697 production, The Mourning Bride, was a change from the otherwise comedic nature of his works. His final play, The Way of the World, was composed in 1700 in response to a particularly vehement critique of his former works. Although this was a seemingly minor change, it represented a great victory for the drama enthusiasts of the time. Truly played a role in the Decline of Restoration drama during the Restoration is the comedy of,! ( 2012 ). ” ( 1914 ): 366 though the stage... 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