Akbar, as seen in middle life, was a man of moderate stature, ... We an told that "there is nothing that he does not know how to do, whether matters of war, or of administration, or of any mechanical art. Introduction: The Mughal kings were not only great conquerors but also accomplished a lot in the sphere of administration. Akbar was the first among the emperors of Delhi who pursued such a policy. The central government then doled out fixed salaries to both military and civilian personnel according to rank. Administration of Akbar 1. Each of the Sarkars was again sub-divided into smaller units called Parganas. The Mansabdarisystem in particular has been acclaimed for its role in upholding Mughal power in the time of Akbar. With the help of his Diwan (Revenue Minister), Raja Todar Mal, Akbar introduced many reforms in his revenue department. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire assumed the title of 'Badshaah' which was continued by his successors. By 1589, Singh I was in charge of 5,000 soldiers. A. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Administration Political government. The Qazi was in-charge of the judicial department of his province. XI. A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. The objective of AIDCSC is to promote the welfare of the disadvantaged and deprived segments among the; scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, minorities, destitute, bonded labourers, transgenders, slum dwellers and downtrodden villages. Each Pargana comprised several villages. He divided the whole empire into 47 units called Sarkars. It was Akbar, who, from the very beginning of his reign, gradually accepted a policy of dynamic toleration and active sympathy for religious and spiritual movements. The basis of this military prowess and authority was Akbar's skilful structural and organisational calibration of the Mughal army. The Mughal administration was a mixture of Indian and non-Indian (foreign) elements. Usually he ruled according to Shariat (Islamic Law). Land revenue was paid in cash or in kind, but cash payment was preferred. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Akbar reorganized the central machinery of administration on the basis of the division of power among various departments. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. Dear student, Akbar's admistration : 1. Widow-marriage was encouraged. The Waqa-i-Nawis was in-charge of the secret service of the province. He held his court which lasted for 4 and half hours. All the decisions taken by him were final and could not be challenged by anyone. The Sadar was in-charge of the judicial charity department. The cavalry was the most important wing of the army and special attention was paid towards its organization and equipment. Your email address will not be published. They were directly under the charge of the emperor and were promoted, degrade or dismissed at his will. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. For Muslims he is a controversial figure because of his unorthodox religious eclecticism. The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. There were only four council councils in the time of Akbar-lawyer, Diwan (or Wazir) Mir Bakshi and sadr-us-sudoor.  Akbar’s administrative system can be grouped under two heads:  Central Administration  … Give idea about the central administration of akbar in points Share with your friends. Students and members of the staff attended both days of the event in traditional and ethnic attires. Officers in a province: He was the third and greatest ruler of the Mughal Dynasty in India. In the provincial level Dewan (Nazim or Nawab) looked after financial administration. The Mansabdars had to maintain soldiers according to his grade or rank. Issue of Admit Card: 27th July - 4th Aug. 8. ADMINISTRATION One of the significant contributions of Akbar’s reign was the establishment of an efficient administrative system. It was Akbar, who, from the very beginning of his reign, gradually accepted a policy of dynamic toleration and active sympathy for religious and spiritual movements. All the executive, judicial and legislative powers of the state were combined in him. Akbar reogganised the central machinery of administration on the basis of the from CA 270 at Valdosta State University He would hold an open court, listen to the complaints of his subjects and try to pacify them. All India Deprived Community Support Centre. Land revenue was the most important source of income, as it has been throughout Indian history, and more than doubled in value between the reigns of Akbar and Shah Jahan. . Akbar … Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. The emperor was the final despot and his law or order was the final rather he was considered as the … For efficiency in administration the empire was divided into a number of Subahs being supervised by Subahdars or provincial governors. Akbar was accorded the epithet "the Great" because of his many accomplishments, including his record of unbeaten military campaigns that consolidated Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent. Akbar was Babur's grandson. Exam Fee Payment for 6th Sem: 27th July - 4th Aug. 5. 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