Distributiona and habitat: Camellia sinensis plants are evergreen, medium sized woody shrubs growing to a height of 2 to 2.4m (7-8 feet) native to South East Asia and China. Assam tea is a black tea named after the region of its production, Assam, India. Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. Tea Tree Lịve Camellia Sinensis - Tea Plạnt Lịve Camellia Sinensis - Ship Bare Root. assamica. It is highly suited to tropical climates, growing mainly on plains and in regions that enjoy abundant rainfall. Your email address will not be published. assamica are a strong contrast to the lush green foliage, demanding real attention in the garden or on the patio. Teas traditionally made from Camellia sinensis assamica: Don’t concern yourself too much with this variety. Comforting and caffeine free. It is self-explanatory that a producer looking for quantity over quality is likely to favour one over the other. This camellia is also grown ornamentally for its excellent foliage and small but attractive fall flowers. Many high quality teas are grown at high elevations, up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft), as the plants grow more slowly and acquire more flavour. Its first recorded use as a tea plant dates back three thousand years. Full-bodied. They get … The fragrant flowers are made into tempura using the edible oil … sinensis is hardier than Assam tea, and has relatively small and narrow leaves. Camellia Sinensis Variety Assamica Lịve Tea Plạnt – Green Tea Plạnt Lịve - Ship Bare Root. assamica is from the Assam region of northern India with larger leaves hardy to zone 7 and south. But left…, The factory at the Amgoorie Tea Estate (Assam) has a remarkable size. … Assam tea is mostly grown at or near sea level and is known for its body, briskness, malty flavour, and strong, bright colour. Left to grow they can reach heights of 90 feet. Tea plants prefer a rich and moist growing location in full to part sun, and can be grown in hardiness zones 7 – 9. Acidic and dark. assamica (Assam variety), var. The Camellia sinensis assamica strain is native to the Assam region in India. Customizable. This plant is usually used for black tea, as well as pu'erh tea in Yunnan province, China (in Yunnan, you can find ancient tea trees; these are Assamica variety, too). Assamica thrives in a more tropical environment with plenty of rainfall. Camellia sinensis var. The large-leaf teas come from the assamica strain, while the small-leaf teas – which have incomparable aromas and a hardiness that allows them to adapt to harsher climates – belong to the sinensis strain. Processed leaves from Camellia sinensis and its many cultivars yield the tea leaves of commerce. Camellia Sinensis var. At the same time, I can’t help but share my enthusiasm for … Rather than getting bogged down in the Latin, here is a more practical explanation. Complex and warming. Camellia sinensis assamica (Assam tea or Indian tea), on the other hand, thrives in the Assam region of Northern India. It’s not an important part of tea education by any means. Camellia sinensis comes in two primary varieties and a third, which is not typically used in tea cultivation. sinensis had failed. 99. If you enjoy tea, you will probably know that there are two main varieties of Camellia sinensis used to make tea: Camellia sinensis var. This may indicate a potential for tea production from additional underutilized species. sinensis and Camellia sinensis var. This is the first tea plant to be discovered, recorded, and used to produce tea. Fresh new spring leaves can be used direct from the plant to make your own tea, later pickings … The assamica or “broad leaf” variety most closely resembles the original tea plant, where as the sinensis or “small leaf” variety evolved as the tea plant was carried from its subtropical homeland to more temperate climates. It can be used to create new cultivars due to its excellent cultivar-friendly properties (hybridization). General Information Camellia sinensis is an evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub growing up to 3 metres tall (var sinensis), or a tree that can reach 10 - 15 metres tall with one main stem (var assamica). The plant is not self-fertile. Various delicious plants and herbs. Camellia Sinensis Variety Assamica Lịve Tea Plạnt – Green Tea Plạnt Lịve - Ship Bare Root. FREE Shipping. Noteworthy Characteristics. Rather than getting bogged down in the Latin, here is a more practical explanation. It naturally grows in sunny regions with drier, cooler climates such as parts of China, Japan, Iran, and Turkey. $58.88 $ 58. 99. Camellia sinensis assamica gets conspicuously higher than the variation Camellia sinensis sinensis. Technically speaking two varieties are grown, one the species C.sinensis var. Camellia sinensis are the plants we have to thank for White, Green, Oolong, and Black teas. assamica, and a third lesser known variety called cambodiensis. In Amgoorie, the factory is remarkably clean, To select a tea, you have to taste dozens. Assam tea is indigenous to Assam. Though the leaves all come from the same plant, each unique flavor is achieved by harvesting specific leaves and processing them in different ways. The plant is very vigorous and prolific, but frost sensitive. However, the clonal one is commercially cultivated from the equator to as far north as Cornwall and Scotland on the UK mainland. Please note, comments must be approved before they are published. Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze var. In the United States, few people recognize they are enjoying camellias whenever they sit down with a cup of tea. Assamica: Once believed to be native to the Assam region in the northeast of India, recent research has pointed to Southeast Asia, in the border regions between Myanmar, Laos, and China. The second variety, Camellia sinensis assamica, is native to the Assam region in India. And I suppose anyplace where Taiwanese oolong makers have started production. The China plant variety (sinensis) is used primarily to produce which style of tea? Teas traditionally made from Camellia sinensis sinensis: The C. s. assamica was discovered in Assam, India in the early 19th century and is grown extensively in India, Africa, and Sri Lanka. assamica. We offer a vast selection of world-class quality white tea, green tea, black tea, wulong (oolong), Pu er and matcha, selected at source in the gardens of … It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May. Wide variety of flavors and aromas firmly rooted in tradition. Sometimes the teas we taste…. Assamicain its native range is a more southerly variety than sinensis, which occurs naturally in China and is grown commercially only there, in Japan, and the Darjeeling district in India. It can range from three or four to several dozen. The Sinensis variety is a native Chinese plant, while Assamica has been found in the Indian province of Assam, after which it was named. sinensis) with a more northern distribution and large leaf tea (var. The Large, thick leaves of the C. s. assamica are less aromatic than C. s. sinensis leaves and produce a liquor that is robust and very dark when oxidized, making it the ideal candidate to become a strong black tea (which is not-so-coincidentally India's claim to tea fame). 9EzTropical - Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) - 1 Plants - 2 Feet Fall - Ship in 1 Gal Pot. C. sinensis var. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. sinensis, and Camellia sinensis var. C. sinensis var. Intense and earthy. Its leaves are used to produce green tea and China black tea. Tea is usually distinguished by the Chinese people as small leaf tea (var. Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. So a tea field looks more like a bonsai forest. assamica. Most commercial cultivation occurs in Asia (China to Burma and Sri Lanka). The best known and most often found in tea cultivation is Camellia sinensis var. I would not be doing a thorough explanation of plant varieties if I did not mention cultivars. Summary Tea plant or Camellia sinensis var. However, the other varieties of C. sinensis and even some other species of Camellia are locally used as tea. sinensis and the other C.sinensis var. C. sinensis is mainly cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates, in areas with at least 127 cm (50 in) of rainfall a year. Maybe also in Nepal? Camellia Assamica is a tea varietal that was found growing wild in Assam, and that brought about the idea that tea could be grown commercially in India, despite the fact that earlier attempts with Camellia Sinensis var. assamica is the tea variety that is associated with Assam, as the name attests. Which of the following is true of the China plant variety? The fresh spring blooms of Camellia sinensis var. assamica. The Chinese variety, Camellia sinensis sinensis, has a small leaf and is more tolerant of cold weather. 99. This blog post will cover the first of three factors that determine the characteristics of tea- the varieties of the Camellia sinensis plant. It is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used to make tea, one of the most common beverages worldwide. Only 7 left in stock - order soon. Lush, vegetal flavors and aromas. In cultivation the plants are usually kept pruned to a height of 1 - 1.5 metres and trained as a low profusely branching and spreading bush [ 266 FREE Shipping. Assamica can cross-breed with Sinensis, so the distinction isn't always very clear. My tea journeys have just begun, and I am both inspired and humbled by how much I have to learn. I know that this was not the most exciting blog post in the world, but it is an important step in understanding where tea comes from and how tea gets its characteristics. Required fields are marked *, Due to the harvesting of its leaves, a tea plant does not get bigger; instead its trunk thickens. What color is the flower produced by the Camellia sinensis plant? $35.99 $ 35. Today, the Camellia sinensis plant is grown commercially all over the world. Show All Show Tabs Assam tea Masters) Kitam. Fresh and invigorating. Some black teas and oolong teas are also made using this variety. Zones 7, 8 & 9 provide the most suitable outdoor climates althought it can be grown in greenhouses and/or protected areas in colder climate zones or used in … Cultivars are plant species created through combining properties of other pre existing plants, often through hybridization or mutation. Tea derived from these leaves are less desired than the other varieties. I would like to thank Laurence, manager of the Palais des Thés store on Rue du Commerce in Paris, for this photo she took while we were visiting a research centre in Northern India. assamica is characterized as a quickly growing plant suitable for warm tropical and sub-tropical environments, whereas C. sinensis var. It is found growing at the forest edges and gaps, at high altitudes, in well drained soils where it grows as a tree of up to 15m tall. Assamica does well in hotter climates; purple tea is usually Camellia sinensis var assamica dehongensis – the purple (anthocyanins) is a sexual mutation that evolved naturally as a sunscreen for those sunnier areas – and the Kenyan version is a cultivar of that. T… It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. assmica is an evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub or tree that reaches up to 15 m tall. This plant is considered more tropical than its Chinese variety, growing larger and producing bigger leaves (due to a climate with plenty of rain and warm temperatures). Long before the uniquely American inventions of the tea bag and iced tea, ancient cultures of China and Japan were perfecting the art of making tea from Camellia sinensis. Camellia sinensis var. They are: The OG of tea. Last week we discussed how all tea comes from the same plant – the Camellia sinensis. It is the pride and joy of the planter there, Amar Nain, who designed it. If this is true and there is only one tea plant, then how do we get five different types of tea and endless kinds of tea within each type? Camellia sinensis var. There are several varieties of the plant Camellia sinensis. I have also seen allusions and suggestions that this is the same as the "Da Ye" (large leaf) variety that is used in Yunnan for pu-erh and some red/black teas. The Assam plant variety (assamica) is used primarily to produce which style of tea? “Sinensis” means “from China,” which was where tea was first discovered. Floral fragrance with subtle notes of honey. Camellia sinensis is a tropical/subtropical plant indigenous to Southeast Asia. sinensis (China variety) and their hybrids. The large-leaf teas come from the assamica strain, while the small-leaf teas – which have incomparable aromas and a hardiness that allows them to adapt to harsher climates – belong to the sinensis strain. If one does not cut back the Assam Tea it grows cone- shaped and reaches a height of 15 to 30 m. Also the leaves are much bigger than does of Camellia sinensis sinensis. Fermented teas. We have it all right here! Tea in its purest form. sinensis is … The plant itself has a long productive life and there are some tea trees that are well over 100 years old. Carefully curated sample kits ideal for any tea lover. There are two main varieties of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. There are three main varieties within the Camellia sinensis family. It is the tallest of the C. sinensis varieties and can grow to a height of 98ft and live several centuries. As a result this variety is very rarely used for tea. Initial effort of planting Chinese varieties in Assam soil did not succeed. The environment the tea plant was grown in (known as terrior). Only 7 left in stock - order soon. $34.99 $ 34. Just know that it exists and can affect the characteristics of tea. Growing Camellia Sinensis. 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