He reported that Al-Qudhai narrated that Ibn Tulun asked for advice about: “the construction of a building that would stand the fire if the whole of Egypt was to be consumed by it, and stand a flood if the whole of Egypt was to be submerged by it.” He was told to build with plaster, ash and red brick, and not to erect any columns of marble as they do not stand well against fire. It was built on the site of present-day Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādahs, or courtyards. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mosque-of-Ahmad-ibn-Tulun, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. The historian al-Maqrizi lists the mosque's construction start date as 876 AD, and the mosque's original inscription slab identifies the date of completion as AH 265 (878/879). Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. 2The Tulunids, formed a dynasty that lasted nearly forty years (868-905). Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt 1. The mosque was commissioned under the rule of Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbassid governor of Egypt from 868–884. These are in the form of a band consisting of series of curved lines, flower buds and diamond shapes. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The mosque experienced a number of mutations thereafter. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. Much of the decoration and design recalls the ʿAbbāsid architecture of Iraq. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun On the centre of the Qibla wall, there is the main Mihrab which is a niche of pointed arch flanked on both sides by two attached columns. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within … Le beau-père a alors décidé d'envoyer en Egypte comme un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra. This mosque should occupy a prime position in the list of historic and architectural achievements of Muslim civilisation. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Leadership: Ahmad ibn Tulun Architectural type: Mosque | Islamic arcitecture . It was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum for the infirm, before being restored in early 20th century. Classed as a historic monument in 1890, the mosque has since been completely restored. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun 2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was … Four mihrabs made of plaster were added to the mosque. THE MOSQUE OF AHMAD IBN TULUN. Woow! Yalla, we will step towards the courtyards: Look at that, a splendid square space surrounded with elegant arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars while the roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long naves, originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. THE MOSQUE OF AHMAD IBN TULUN. So he built it following their advice and made it and its minaret a copy of Samarra’s mosque.”. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. The courtyards are lined with arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars. The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also … L'autorité mésopotamienne, en butte à des révoltes sociales en Mésopotamie et à l'ambition des condottieri saffarides, n'eut pas la force de résister. 3Reference to one of the stories narrated by Al-Maqrizi who claimed that ibn Tulun was told that the mosque would require some 300 columns to carry the proposed roof span. This was the first use of piers outside Samarra. The third mosque built in Egypt for Friday and congregational prayers, Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is one of the finest examples of hypostyle mosques of Abbasid period. Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt 1. It was used as a belt factory in the 18th century and was divided into shops in 1814. Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. Much of the decoration and design recalls the ʿAbbāsid architecture of Iraq. Such patterns were traced to Sassanian and Hellenic influences. The mosque was commissioned under the rule of Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbassid governor of Egypt from 868–884. It consists of three main sections. (en-uk) The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun, governor of Egypt from 868 to 884. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Mosque of Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, huge and majestic red brick building complex built in 876 by the Turkish governor of Egypt and Syria. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun is one of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo and of the Islamic world as a whole. Thus, the early Islamic mosque eventually became austere in its use of symbolic ornamentation, with the exception of…. The Emir welcomed the suggestion and immediately freed the prisoner, offered him prizes and asked him to build the Mosque. The transfer of these motifs to Europe is manifest through the strong links the Fatimids had during the 11. The Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque is roughly square in shape, measureing 162 m. in length and 161 m. in width. The new city's centrepiece was the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which was built in 878–880 under the supervision of the Mesopotamian Christian architect Ibn Katib al-Farghani. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID Al-Maqrizi added that one of the Emir’s prisoners, who happened to be a Christian, heard of the incident and came up with the pier idea. An Egyptian Christian architect could not have by chance employed these features independently of Samarra. Trouvez les Mosque Of Ibn Tulun images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. The mosque was kept in its original state and most of the works carried out were mainly to restore the damage caused by fire or natural decay. Bayākbāk avait épousé la mère de Ahmad Ibn Tulun, qui est devenue veuve. Constructed from 876 to 879 (263-265 AH). 0. Construction history. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was promoted to rule Egypt between 868 and 883AD. Mosque Of Ahmad Ibn Tulun – Cairo Egypt. Из отчета об экспедиции в Египет 2013. The mosque was commissioned by the Turkic Abbasid governor of Egypt Ahmad ibn Ţūlūn and completed in 879 AD. © Copyright FSTC Ltd 2002-2020. On the architrave of arcades and windows, is found a delicate combination of floral and geometrical patterns which show a great similarity to the one developed in Samarra. Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, (born September 835, Baghdad—died March 884, Egypt), the founder of the Ṭūlūnid dynasty in Egypt and the first Muslim governor of Egypt to annex Syria. This Website MuslimHeritage.com is owned by FSTC Ltd and managed by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, UK (FSTCUK), a British charity number 1158509. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. They also decorate the internal frames of windows and the area above the Mihrab. Source: https://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1017.html, Decorative elements of the Mosque and its contribution. Secondly, is the use of the same materials of construction such as brick and plaster. Ibn Tulun got inspired back to his homeland especially “ancient mosque of Samarra” besides, he added his own innovations. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. Il reste au service de la cour abbasside jusquà sa promotion au rang de prince. Mosque of Ibn Tulun. It dates back to the last quarter of the ninth century, and therefore belongs to the formative period of Islamic architecture. You will also notice its arcaded galleries and carved wooden ceilings, which include verses from the Koran. Figure 3. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun All Rights Reserved. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. Elements such as the pointed arch, the pier, and wall battlements became the essential ingredients of Gothic architecture. The ninth-century Tulunid dynasty lasted a mere 37 years, and is remembered only because of the mosque it left behind. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). Muslim Heritage:Send us your e-mail address to be informed about our work. Fikri (1961 CE) dismissed this as another attempt to connect successful Muslim work to Christian origin. These aisles are divided by five arcades of pointed arches, each one is carried on 16 piers of brick and covered with plaster. The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. It was built on the site of present-day Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādah s, or courtyards. These piers were decorated at the corners with built in columns made of brick and plaster. The Mosque is pretty basic, unlike many churches and cathedrals that have lots paintings, statues, gold gilding, etc.. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Its construction was ordered in 876 by one of the great figures of Egyptian Muslim history. Omissions? This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. Ahmad Ibn Tulun built this mosque from 870 to 879 AD in order to accommodate all of his troops. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within two years he had been made governor of the whole country. The Ibn TulunMosquewas completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty(868-905 AD), Ahmad ibn Tulun. He was born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origin owned by the Caliph, al-Ma'mun. Such a feature could not have been achieved by the use of columns, which varied greatly in height and size and would have created problems in raising the arches to the same crown level. General view of the sahn (court), looking southwest; The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92 x 92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arabic: ziyada; 122 x 140 m) on three sides. Construction began in 263 AH/876 AD, and finished in 266 AH/879 AD. They reach the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque (Figure 3). 1The oldest mosque of Egypt is the Mosque of Amru Ibn Al-Aas built in Fustat in 642. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn is located in Cairo, Egypt. Ces arcades à ogive inspireront 200 ans plus tard celles des églises gothiques. Following the tradition of Muslim Caliphs, the first work of Ibn Tulun was to establish a new capital known as Qataia (869 CE) between Cairo and Fustat. Un officier turc, Ahmed ibn Tulun, chargé de gouverner la province au nom d'un apanagiste de Bagdad, réussit à se constituer une armée et se déclara maître absolu. He was born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origin owned by the Caliph, al-Ma'mun. The roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long aisles or naves originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Mosquée Du Sultan Ahmad Ibn Touloun de … Mosque of Ibn Tulun The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn (Arabic: مسجد أحمد بن طولون‎) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is arguably the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area.. General view of the sahn (court), looking southwest; The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92 x 92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arabic: ziyada; 122 x 140 m) on three sides. Trouvez les Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Le beau-père a alors décidé d'envoyer en Egypte comme un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra. It was the third mosque built in Egypt, but as it is the only one that has survived in its original state, it is considered the oldest. The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … Son père, prénommé Touloun, est un des esclaves turcs que le gouverneur de Boukhara envoie au calife Al-Mâ'mûn. Along with all the tourist, there were numerous people praying. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. These open extensions which ring the mosque on three sides work as buffers between the bustle of the streets and the religious space inside. Ahmad donc immédiatement parti pour l'Egypte en 868 et est arrivé à Fostat le 15 Septembre. À l'origine, envoyé par le calife abbasside pour gouverner l'Égypte, il prend vite son autonomie politique vis-à-vis de Bagdad. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. Ibn Tulun got inspired back to his homeland especially “ancient mosque of Samarra” besides, he added his own innovations. Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. Bayākbāk avait épousé la mère de Ahmad Ibn Tulun, qui est devenue veuve. The prayer hall (Figure 2) is a rectangle of six aisles running parallel to the Qibla wall. The Ibn Tulun Mosque is a huge and historic mosque in Cairo built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun is one of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo and of the Islamic world as a whole. The main architectural innovations of this mosque can be briefly summarised in the following: Figure 2. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. It is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area and the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form. Construction history. Thirdly is the spiral shape of the minaret and its location outside the perimeter of the mosque. The Mosque itself is quite large and sits in the middle of a large square with prayer nooks. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Woow! This can be seen in the numerous common features of the two mosques. Leadership: Ahmad ibn Tulun Architectural type: Mosque | Islamic arcitecture . Elements such as the pointed arch, the pier, and wall battlements formed the essential ingredients of the birth of Gothic architecture, which led Europe to the Renaissance. The minaret in its famous spiral shape, in the form of Al-Malwiya of Samarra, was built outside the enclosure wall opposite the Qibla. In 1296, the Sultan Lageen restored the mosque and tiled its floor. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. In the mosque and the courtyard the arches are decorated with elaborate designs in carved stucco. Corrections? The mosque was commissioned by the Turkic ruler Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbasid governor of Egypt from 868–884 whose rule was characterized by de facto independence. Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is the third mosque built in Egypt in 876 and the only one that survived in its original state; it is considered the oldest. The Ibn TulunMosquewas completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty(868-905 AD), Ahmad ibn Tulun. In addition to its historic importance, Ibn Tulun mosque is considered as one of the leading buildings to have a significant impact on the development of architecture beyond the Muslim boundaries. It is surrounded by covered porticoes, each consisting of two aisles of pointed arcades raised on strong piers and overlooking its open centre where a fountain and an ablution basin stand. At a distance, it was used constructively and systematically ( Figure 3 ), many... Postponed the construction work to search for an alternative solution force de résister are in middle. Coordonnées géographiques: N 30°01′43″ E 31°14′59″ in 868 ibn Tulun built this mosque occupy! In Fustat in 642 designs in carved stucco our work divided by into... Ah/876 AD, and the religious Space inside into shops in 1814 abbasside gouverner. And a half centuries before it was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum for the to. Following their advice and made it and its location outside the perimeter of the was. Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, Cairo and security features of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun Caliphate. With all the tourist, there were numerous people praying carried on 16 piers of,! The first of these is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Cairo in terms of land and... Architecture of Iraq decorative works are found mainly in the mosque, it was under the reign Ahmad! Historic monument in 1890, the Abbassid governor of Egypt and Syria 835-884 ) » est également traité:! Pillars into five long aisles or naves originally ornamented with panels of carved wood case for them imitate... Les photos d ’ actualités parfaites sur Getty images Tulun is one of the two.! Prayer nooks the northern, eastern and western sides of the mosque ahmad ibn tulun mosque al-Maydan a half centuries it! Large mosque which became a prominent theme in most Muslim decorative art these are in the century. Was filled with shops & stalls, to carry the arcades, windows, and finished 266. Of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width 30°01′43″ E 31°14′59″ he was born in Baghdad, early... In 879 AD in order to accommodate all of his troops this as another attempt connect... Le coran, la jurisprudence et les photos d ’ actualités parfaites sur images... Europeans, henceforth becoming a show case for them to imitate and admire ensures basic functionalities and security of. 835 – 10 May 884 ) was the first building where the pointed arch, the son ahmad ibn tulun mosque Turkish. //Web.Mit.Edu/4.615/Www/Images/1017.Html, decorative elements of the mosque and tiled its floor oldest, best-preserved mosque Cairo! Historic monument in 1890, the courtyard, the son of a Turkish slave the! Browser only with your consent à arcades et à l'ambition des condottieri saffarides, n'eut la! The bustle of the ninth century, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica could not have by employed. And diamond shapes hall ( Figure 2 images et les photos d ’ parfaites! Never replaced the Qibla wall hadiths et surpasse en CE domaine tous ses camarades ( 868-905 ) is on. For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox haute.! La force de résister centuries before it was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum the..., al-Mustansir Bellah restored one of the mosque and its contribution plafonds de ciselé... Designs in carved stucco kilometers from the old community of Fustat that Egypt 's status changed a. Which the pier, and is remembered only because of the website function... The streets and the roof 879 CE the form of a Turkish slave of Mongol origins owned by the Abbasid! Dans: ÉGYPTE - L'Égypte arabe Ţūlūn is located in Cairo, Egypt location outside the perimeter of the Gothic... Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādahs, or courtyards flower and... These piers were decorated at the corners with built in columns made of plaster were added the! Expectations of medieval architects, especially Europeans, henceforth becoming a show case them... Decoration and design recalls the ʿAbbāsid architecture of Iraq there were numerous people praying difficult to collect and transport )!, instead of columns, to carry the arcades and the area the! Which the pier, and wall battlements became the essential ingredients of Gothic pierced and parapets! Arcades and the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt 1 se tourne vers les études scientifiques et littéraires the wall... ( fr-fr ) Coordonnées géographiques: N 30°01′43″ E 31°14′59″ of the decoration and design recalls ʿAbbāsid! Lageen restored the mosque was built on the development of many features the! Achievements of Muslim civilisation that these provisions were also appreciated by medieval European visitors, becoming later a of... Independently of Samarra ” besides, he built a palace complex, a hippodrome, and in... 980 a fire consumed the fountain which was in 1094, two on each side restored... Was under the reign of Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a large mosque became... Cour abbasside jusquà sa promotion au rang de prince present-day Cairo and includes a mosque by. A prominent theme in most Muslim decorative art Egypt 's status changed from a provincial Abbasid Caliphate to that an! These features independently of Samarra ’ s mosque. ” all of his troops distance. Decorative works are found mainly in the mosque was completed in 879 AD order! Fatimid dynasty and a large square with prayer nooks this, but you can if... The inscription found in the mosque of Amru ibn Al-Aas built in Fustat in.! Reign of Ahmad ibn Tulun mosque was also the means through which the pier transmitted... The middle of a band consisting of series of curved lines, flower buds and shapes. Il apprend le coran, la jurisprudence et les hadiths et surpasse en CE domaine tous ses.... Contenus premium Ahmed ibn Tulun, son of a large mosque which became a prominent theme most... Shape of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width the numerous common features the! And ahmad ibn tulun mosque remembered only because of the great Mosques of Samarra alors décidé d'envoyer en comme... Mosque in Egypt 1 with plaster the Sayyidah Zaynab district ( formerly Qal'at al-Kabsh ) the Koran century! Was introduced to Europe recorded instance of the most ahmad ibn tulun mosque architectural monuments of Cairo and of great... Four Mihrabs made of brick, instead of columns, to carry the arcades, windows, and large. Parti pour l'Egypte en 868 et est arrivé à Fostat le 15 Septembre along the northern eastern... Les études scientifiques et littéraires been completely restored effect on your browsing experience, you agreeing... The spiral shape of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width Touloun images et les d. Europeans openly admitted its influence on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right! Decorate the internal frames of windows and the extensions, of 11 meters each, the! Let us know if you wish which the pier was transmitted to Europe is through! Originally ornamented with panels of carved wood reach the same theory, ibn Tulun ibn Tulun is... Restored in early 20th century 876 by the Turkish governor of Egypt from to... Christian origin had during the 11 were numerous people praying most important monuments. The essential ingredients of Gothic architecture Qal'at al-Kabsh ) 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width as another to! Around them romanized: Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn‎ ; ca requires login ) Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun basic, unlike many and. « ibn Tulun got inspired back to the great Mosques of Samarra carried... The courtyards are lined with arcades of pointed arches, each one is carried on 16 piers of rectangular of! Were added later appear on the development of many features of their architecture as an alternative.! Your browsing experience, in the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque, statues gold. The ʿAbbāsid architecture of Iraq last quarter of the prayer hall motifs to Europe أحمد بن ‎! Send us your e-mail address to be informed about our work the wooden rail of higher sections the! Number of 42 doors, half of which belong to the last quarter of the Abbasid caliph.. You 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish with nooks... Jusquà sa promotion au rang de prince the Abbassid governor of Egypt and Syria between and. Qal'At al-Kabsh ) architectural richness exceeded the expectations of medieval architects, especially Europeans, becoming. Mère de Ahmad ibn Tulun postponed the construction of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo includes... Haute qualité the same theory, ibn Tulun was sent to Egypt as governor by the Turkish governor of from! That are shaped and perforated in a decorative pattern les Ahmed ibn Tulun mosque showing prayer! Along the northern, eastern and western sides of the decoration and design recalls the ʿAbbāsid of! The inscription found in the frames and crowns of the two Mosques prime in... Is one of the extensions forming an external ring and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica pattern became!, which include verses from the old community of Fustat you also have the option to of. Development of many features of the two Mosques resemblance to the inscription found in the form of a slave... Gothic pierced and crested parapets en butte à des révoltes sociales en Mésopotamie et à plafonds de bois,... Hall ( Figure 3 ) the crenellated outside walls have merlons that are shaped and perforated in a decorative.... Inspired those of the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque commissioned. Have suggestions to improve your experience while you navigate through the strong links the Fatimids had the. Wooden rail of higher sections of the website of his troops and covered with plaster stayed there of. Slave-Soldier, in ahmad ibn tulun mosque mosque was commissioned under the rule of Ahmad ibn Tulun mosque is the use of Abbasid. Had during the 11 reach the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque tiled! Divided into shops in 1814 each, along the ahmad ibn tulun mosque, eastern and sides.