Human infectious diseases may be characterized by their case fatality rate (CFR). Find relevant and reliable medical information on diseases and conditions. Learn more about human health and signs and symptoms of disease. It is often caused by too little roughage (fiber) in the diet. Both cats and dogs sometimes get parasites that infect humans. American Heart Association. Symptoms, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Arrhythmia. Whether it is breast... Arthritis. Black Spot. There are documented cases that occurred as an … Besides being direct carriers of disease, nuisance birds are frequently associated with over 50 kinds of ectoparasites, which can work their way throughout structures to infest and bite humans. Click here to see the anatomy the eye and how the eyes work. American Heart Association. The second form is more common and is characterized by repeated attacks separated by periods of remission. If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately. Tomlinson holds a Bachelor of Arts in criminal justice and is presently working on her master's degree in nursing. List of diseases that may be used in a bioterrorism event, divided into categories depending on the ease of spread and the severity of illness or death they cause. A CFR is … Heart disease, the Mayo Clinic states, is a general term used for all types of diseases related to the heart 1. Published July 2016. Cardiac Medications. Left untreated, nearly all puppies and kittens pick up this parasite. Harvard Heart Letter. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a disease that eventually affects nearly everyone as they age, the Mayo Clinic notes 1. Parasites. Cryptosporidiosis: Cryptosporidiosis has become one of the most common causes of waterborne disease in the United States in recent years; it is also found throughout the rest of the world. There’s good reason that the very word “rabies” evokes fear in people—once symptoms appear, rabies is close to 100% fatal. The Top 10 Deadliest Diseases 1. Hippocrates, a Greek physician of the 4th and 5th centuries bce, is credited with being the first to adopt the concept that disease is not a visitation of the gods but rather is caused by earthly influences. Many problems besides the common cold can affect the nose. There are many forms of cancer, the second leading cause of death behind heart disease 1. Practising good personal hygiene, wearing protective clothing, maintaining healthy animals and undertaking preventative treatments and vaccinations where appropriate can minimise the risk of some animal-borne diseases infecting people. Including Anthrax, Plague, Brucellosis, and Q fever. Protothecosis is a disease found in dogs, cats, cattle, and humans caused by a type of green alga known as prototheca that lacks chlorophyll. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food. It typically is caused by the constriction of blood vessels, which in turn forces your heart to pump harder to circulate the blood. The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease... 2. In the classical, but less common type, there is a series of attacks over a short period of time (days or weeks) but, after the initial outburst, there are seldom repeat incidents. This list includes both common names and technical names for diseases. Algae are single-celled eukaryotes that are generally non-pathogenic although pathogenic varieties do exist. American Heart Association. 2. Most of us have had contact dermatitis - when we touch something that evolves into a skin reaction. Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Severe Updated July 31, 2015. Symptoms in humans: Fever, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and chills are common symptoms in humans, according to Dr. Shainhouse. The seriousness of the disease in humans varies with human hosts’ age, overall health, and immune status (immunodeficient or immunosuppressed people experience more severe disease). // Leaf Group Lifestyle, U.S. Centers of Disease Control: Gonorrhea. Cardiovascular disease, for example, is a condition that includes blood vessel blockages and artery narrowing. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Problem: Black spot is a fungal disease commonly found on roses, but also on other flowers and fruits. Diseases that infect both animals and humans are called zoonoses. The leading causes of blindness and low vision in the United States are primarily age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. Sexually transmitted diseases include human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis and herpes among others. Find relevant and reliable medical information on diseases and conditions.Find your medical topic by using the comprehensive A-Z list above, click on the browse health centers below or one of our categorized listings of health and medical conditions. Index of comprehensive articles on medical diseases and conditions, a listing. April 12, 2016;315(14):1449-50. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1654. Others develop because of environmental problems such as smoking or through cellular mutation. TB is a relatively rare disease in the United States, but it’s common in other parts of the world and is highly contagious. Other heart diseases—and there are many—include: The Mayo Clinic reports heart disease as the top killer of adults in the world 1. There are many medications to treat the symptoms, however. Refractive Errors Updated May 31, 2017. There are over 6,000 genetic disorders, many of which are fatal or severely debilitating. For example, the stuffy nose of the common cold can make it hard for you to breathe, sleep, or get comfortable. If it is not treated, it can lead to stroke and heart attack. It is caused by a parasite that spreads when a water source is contaminated, usually with the feces of infected animals or humans. Harvard Health Publishing. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Complications of diverticular disease happen … Gout typically affects the feet and is caused by a build-up of uric acid that crystallizes. Updated July 31, 2015, Leening MJ, Berry JD, Allen NB. About 10% to 15% of cases in the United States are inherited, resulting from a gene mutation. It may also be associated with illness or be latent, becoming apparent at some later time. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. It … While it doesn’t kill plants outright, it weakens them and makes them susceptible to other problems. Types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis and others. Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. Rabies is a viral disease that affects the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including cats, dogs and humans. Often found in soil and sewage, the species Prototheca wickerhami is the cause for most human cases of the rare infection of Protothecosis. Non-Invasive Tests and Procedures. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. These diseases are transmitted almost exclusively via sexual contact. Heart disease, the Mayo Clinic states, is a general term used for all types of diseases related to the... Cancer. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This causes the oxygen-deprived brain cells... 3. The diseases spread by ticks in Minnesota include: Lyme Disease Lyme disease, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, is a potentially serious bacterial infection affecting both humans and animals. The common raised bumps on the skin known as warts are actually caused by the human ... Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory skin disease most common in children ages 5 … rhyman007 Getty Images 4 of 15 Human disease, an impairment of the normal state of a human being that interrupts or modifies vital functions. The medical community works to understand and treat all forms of human disease. 3. Whether it is breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer or any other form, cancer is characterized by abnormal cells that invade and destroy healthy body tissue. A small percentage of cases occur through infection, by contact with infected brain tissue. 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