104th GEN HOSP – ETO 20 Jul 44 England (ex-285th STA HOSP activated 15 Jul 43, reorganized & redesignated 104th GEN HOSP 23 Dec 43) During the period June 30, 1943toJune 30, 1945, the MD’s task of hospitalizing sick and wounded personnel exceeded that of any previous period in the history of the U.S. Army. Plans to activate 14 Hospital Centers on the continent were therefore launched, based on T/O 8-500 dated 1 January 1945 and T/O 8-500 amended 18 January 1945, with authorized reduced personnel! 185th GEN HOSP – USFBI Mar 43 – ETO Apr 44 England 45th STA HOSP – ETO – Germany (ex-45th EVAC HOSP 1 May 45) They were not the only cases: on 27 August 1942 the motor vessel Nino Bixio was torpedoed and damaged by the HMS Turbulent and 336 prisoners (out of around 3,000), along with 98 Italians, were killed. The latter usually consisted of wooden cantonment-type constructions, which were mainly to serve as General Hospital plants until D-Day. The start date is universally agreed to be 17 November 1941, while the end date is 15 January for the British (thus excluding the Axis counter-offensive of late January), while it is 6 February for the Axis, including the counteroffensive. 33d STA HOSP – USAFBI 22 Mar 43 (assigned to 804th HOSP CEN early Jan 45) Edit. My Step grandfather told his son that he was in the water for a long time after the ship was hit but his memory of it all is poor due to many reasons. 7th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 5 Dec 43 England (activated 10 Jun 43) 10th FLD HOSP – ETO 1 Nov 44 France (inactivated 4 Nov 45 at Cp. 57th FLD HOSP – ETO 14 Mar 44 Scotland/England – Jul 44 France 100th EVAC HOSP – ETO 24 Feb 44 England – 23 Jul 44 France – 9 Oct 44 Luxembourg – 13 Oct 44 Belgium – 6 Feb 45 Holland – 23 Mar 45 Germany (activated Feb 43 ZI) 96th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 28 Feb 44 – ETO 16 Jun 44 France – 28 Sep 44 Belgium – 22 Nov 44 Germany – 27 Dec 44 Belgium – 25 Feb 45 Germany (ex-8th SURG HOSP, 96th EVAC HOSP inactivated 11 Mar 45) (responsible for feeding and servicing of non-patient RAMPS at Merseburg airstrip) A report on her sinking is found in the records of the German naval command Italy, translatedÂ below. 7 – 3 Jun 43 England – ETO Rhineland 97th GEN HOSP – ETO 3 Apr 44 England – 4 Jul 45 France – 30 Jul 45 Germany (part of US Occupation Forces in Germany) 160th GEN HOSP – ETO Feb 44 England 2d GEN HOSP – USANIF 1 Jul 42 – USAFBI 17 Jul 42 – ETO Jul 44 France – 25 Dec 44 Luxembourg – 12 Jan 45 France (ex-209th GEN HOSP) (2d GEN HOSP, supplied cadres for other units, such as the 23d STA HOSP) (inactivated ZI 12 Oct 45) At 1435 hours on 9 December 1941, the large mine-laying submarine HM S/M Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. -- barrels. I have some initial research but could not find anything till I read your account of the Loreto, which leads me to think my father may have been mistaken about the date (his memoirs were written in the when was past 80 years old). Furthermore 500English prisoners, mainly Indian soldiers, were taken on board. No. British hospital ships 108 were to evacuate patients from Algiers and Oran to the United Kingdom. 242d GEN HOSP – ETO 16 Dec 44 England – 14 Feb 45 France – Belgium (to SWPA, diverted at sea to ZI) 8275th GEN HOSP – ETO 2 Mar 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) The fog barrels and, pipes had ruptured and the content flowed across the ship. The 130th General Hospital, at Ciney, Belgium, in winter. 240th GEN HOSP – ETO 9 Nov 44 England – 31 Dec 44 France Most of these hospital ships were requisitioned and setup for their new task, some sunk during the war. Edit source History Talk (0) Comments … 180th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Corsica – ETO 13 Sep 44 France Medical and sanitary conditions, hospital distribution, medical organization, evacuation of wounded, preventive medicine, number of beds, medical emergencies, all this information was of utmost importance to the USWD in preparation of medical planning. disembarked 48,491 personnel and On 27 February 1942 the most famous of the Malta submarines, HM S/M Upholder (Lt.Cdr. 231st STA HOSP – ETO 1 Dec 45 England A full, detailed transcription directly from the Military Hospital records in the National archives collection reference MH106. I too have read about Ultra reports about hospital ships carrying a few tons of medical equipment, but in the book “Le navi ospedale italiane 1935-1945” it is said that this (carrying a few medical supplies) is allowed by the Geneve Convention. 24th EVAC HOSP – ETO 29 Jan 44 England – 14 Jun 44 France – 9 Sep 44 Belgium – 8 Oct 44 Holland – 3 Dec 44 Belgium – 19 Dec 44 Germany (inactivated 4 Feb 46) 819th HOSP CEN – Bar-le-Duc, France (established Dec 44) 15th STA HOSP – ETO England Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 57 – 25 Feb 44 England (inactivated 12 Nov 45) 802d HOSP CEN – Blandford (previously II Hospital Group, Provisional) 25 – 6 Jul 44 England – 25 Jul 44 Scotland – ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Central Europe Bordflakkompanie SÃ¼d B. 34 All her sailing details and the fact she was carrying P.O.W. 298th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 11 Nov 42 – ETO 29 Jul 44 France – 20 Nov 44 Belgium (activated 27 Jun 42) (inactivated 5 Oct 45) HM S/M Porpoise was to become the last Royal Navy sub to be sunk by the enemy in the Malacca Straits in 1945. 38 – ETO Oct 44 Belgium In order to secure them and relieve the supply situation in North Africa, beginning in December 41 they were shipped off to Italian-controlled territory, either to Italy or to Greece (and thence to Italy, I guess), either on naval units or on homeward bound merchants (the New Zealand Official History has a good account of the situation of the POW, At 1435 hours on 9 December 1941, the large mine-laying submarine, Nevertheless, it is clear that in other circumstances, the Middle East command did play fast and loose with the protection of this secret (see, The incident is well described in the New Zealand Official History â. It was 1915 hours when the ship received the first submarinetorpedo and two seconds later the second. At the start of the war I was in the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Services Reserve and was drafted to the 'St. HOSP TRAIN No. HOSPITAL SHIP – approx. 36th STA HOSP – USANIF 12 Sep 43 – England (opened a special center for psychotics and non-combat related mental disorder in 1943) 635th MED CLR CO – ETO 27 Dec 44 Belgium (component of the 169th MED BN) Read more: https://www.med-dept.com/articles/ww2-military-hospitals-european-theater-of-operations/, 59th EVAC HOSP – MTO 25 Aug 44 Southern France – 26 Mar 45 Germany, 39th FLD HOSP – ETO 11 Mar 44 England – 22 Jun 44 France – 30 Sep 44 Belgium – 11 Mar 45 Holland – 30 Mar 45 Belgium – 24 Apr 45 Germany – 18 Jun 45 France, 53d FLD HOSP – ETO 27 Apr 44 England – 15 Jul 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 14 Oct 44 Holland – 12 Dec 44 Germany, 100th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 14 Apr 43 – 16 May 44. The tented 76th Gen Hosp was hard hit on 8 Jan 45, when a V-1 ‘buzz bomb’ struck the area, killing 24 patients and staff, injuring another 20, and causing heavy damage to installations and equipment. I presume that this succeeded and that our men were killed inthis event. 82 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace 227th GEN HOSP – ETO Dec 44 France 315th STA HOSP – ETO Jun 44 England 428th MED BN – ETO 28 Jun 44 France After the attack against Pearl Harbor, the War Department activated the Headquarters, United States Army Forces in the British Isles (USAFBI), the date was January 8, 1942, Chief Surgeon was Col. Paul R. Hawley. 385th STA HOSP – ETO 24 Jun 45 Germany (ex-116th GEN HOSP) Both times the ship was liftedconsiderably due to the heavy explosions. 22d GEN HOSP – ETO 14 Jun 44 England M-408 MED DEP – ETO 20 Sep 44 France 164th GEN HOSP – ETO 24 Sep 44 France (first Gen Hosp to be shipped directly to France, together with the 165th GEN HOSP, expanded to 200-bed capacity 29 Nov 44, transferred to Marseille Staging Area for possible assignment to Pacific Theater, after V-J Day shipped to ZI 23 Aug 45, arrived at Newport News 2 Sep 45, inactivated 9 Nov 45) It is of note that Tp Circe, a Spica-class escort destroyer, was already fitted with German S-Geraet active sonar and depth charges (see this older post). 94th GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Apr 44 England – 1 Jul 45 France (activated 25 Sep 42) The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942. The search was hindered by Heavy Seas and a strong Ghibli Wind. 26 – 6 Jul 44 England – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe (inactivated 10 Sep 45) 391st Medical Collecto-Clearing Company – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 61st MED BN, 5th ESB) 7428th GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) Your mention of the Loreto’s sinking on 13-Oct-1942 touches a personal chord. 816th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational) Late 1940, the Medical Department dispatched an official Observer (Col. Raymond W. Bliss) to report on Hospitalization and Evacuation methods. Hospital Train No. In mid-September 1941, Col. Paul R. Hawley (MC) was transferred to the United Kingdom to draft and prepare full plans for an American medical build-up and support in Northern Ireland and the British Isles. Group Headquarters would be commanded by a staff of 1 Medical Officer assisted by 22 other Officers and 142 EM. 121st EVAC HOSP – ETO – Germany – Austria (responsible for medical treatment of former inmates at KZ-Flossenburg) 8274th GEN HOSP – ETO 2 Mar 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) 64th FLD HOSP – ETO 18 Nov 44 England – France – Germany (to SWPA 16 Aug 45, diverted at sea to ZI 25 Aug 45) 165th GEN HOSP – ETO Sep 44 France (closed 30 Sep 45, returned to ZI) 66th MED GP – ETO Sep 44 France – Mar 45 Germany ( Log Out / 44th EVAC HOSP – USFBI 26 Nov 43 – ETO 19 Jun 44 France – 12 Sep 44 Belgium – 9 Feb 45 Germany – 23 Sep 45 France (medical support to former KZ-Nordhausen inmates from 16 Apr to 4 May 45, to ZI 10 Nov 45, and inactivated 21 Nov 45) 110th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England 200th GEN HOSP – ETO 10 Feb 45 France By May 1945, when the peak in Hospital beds overseas was reached, there were 335,000 fixed beds and about 87,000 mobile beds in all Theaters. This link, based on Santoni, indicates that at least some of the attacks happened because ULTRA indicated that the hospital ships were used for supply runs (although I guess if those were medical supplies, it would have been alright, legally, and in any case, the volumes we talk about are tiny): http://www.wlb-stuttgart.de/seekrieg/kriegsrecht/lazarett.htm#A, http://www.regiamarina.net/detail_text_with_list.asp?nid=53&lid=1&cid=2. HM S/M P.38 was lost on 23 February on the patrol after she sank, Many thanks go to Brian Sims who has researched this topic exhaustively, and to Barb Edy, whose father Don of, Sinking of HM Submarine P.38 – 23 February 1942, War Diary 1st Bn Essex Regt 9th Dec 1941 - Page 2 - World War 2 Talk, https://rommelsriposte.com/2016/02/21/torpedoing-of-mn-nino-bixio-17-august-1942, A Most Sombre Assessment | The Crusader Project, http://www.pietrocristini.com/articoli_da_giornali_7htm.htm, Torpedoing of M/N Nino Bixio, 17 August 1942 – The Crusader Project, First time unlucky – the loss of Iride 22 August 1940, Loss of Wing Commander F.A. 131st EVAC HOSP – ETO Jan 44 England – Jul 44 France – Apr 45 Germany – 9 May 45 Austria – 25 Jun 45 France (set up at KZ-Mauthausen, for treating & servicing DPs, worked alongside the 130th EVAC HOSP and provided medical support at KZ-Gusen I (subcamp Mauthausen) later replaced by the 59th FLD HOSP and the 616th MED CLR CO, which started operating 15 Jun 45, returned to France 23 Jun 45, in fact already inactivated 16 Jun 45) The, prisoners walked freely on deck without wearing swimming vests even though they, had been issued. When he eventually returned to Australia 1945 he would never go near the ocean or rivers as he was petrified of it. 809th HOSP CEN – Oxford (established Jan 45, not operational). 47 – 6 Apr 44 Scotland – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace STATION HOSPITAL – 300 beds > 233 Off & EM 35th MED DEP CO – ETO 31 Dec 44 Holland By. M-403 MED DEP – ETO France (closed down 15 Nov 44 at L’Etard) 182d GEN HOSP – ETO 5 Apr 44 England (assisted by the 682d General Hospital Complementary Unit, active from 16 May 44 to 31 Oct 45 in the UK, designated Prison Hospital for all US Army Prisoners in the Western Base from 7 Jun 44 onwards, closed down 11 Jun 45, but only effective 16 Jun 45, later successively assigned to 804th HOSP CEN, 12th HOSP CEN, 802d HOSP CEN, 905th HOSP CEN, and 805th HOSP CEN in the UK) 818th HOSP CEN – Liège, Belgium (established Dec 44) 116th GEN HOSP – ETO England – 24 Jun 45 Germany [Handwritten notation] Total 121 rescued of 642 on board. 115th STA HOSP –USAFBI 27 Jul 43 – 17 May 44 England – May 45 France – 26 Nov 45 Germany Italian Hospital ship sunk by the Royal Navy in the WW2: “Arno”, “California” “Citta di Trapani”, “Po”, “San Giusto”, “Sicilia”, “Tevere”. The casualty figures were high because of overcrowding on the vessels. The Tembien had such a strong list thatit was almost flat in the water on its larboard side. The E.T.O. M-417 MED DEP – ETO 2 Jan 45 France It was 1915 hours when the ship received the first submarine, torpedo and two seconds later the second. MP Penny Mordaunt has proposed that some of the foreign aid budget be used to build hospital ships to provide humanitarian aid in disaster zones. 59th EVAC HOSP – MTO 25 Aug 44 Southern France – 26 Mar 45 Germany (after serving in French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, and Southern France, the unit was transferred from NATOUSA to ETOUSA, 1 Nov 44; on 10 May 45, part of the Hospital staff was detailed to the recently liberated KZ-Dachau, where the 59th EVAC HOSP C.O. By 2 Jun 45, Third US Army operated a total of 237 Hospitals in Germany, 3 for RAMPS, 13 for DPs, and the remainder for German PWs (in that period over 3 million enemy PWs were in American hands). 2d EVAC HOSP – USANIF 27 Sep 42 – 6 Nov 42 England – 10 Feb 44 Wales – 29 Jun 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 31 Mar 45 Germany (constituted with elements of 4th EVAC HOSP, disbanded 24 Aug 42, split in 2 different units, the 2d EVAC HOSP sent to Northern Ireland, 4 Sep 42, and the 48th EVAC HOSP transferred to India 18 Jan 43) The escorting destroyer at first left the site and beganwith rescue operations after about one hour, but these were made very difficultdue to the heavy seas and the darkness which had fallen. 6th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 – ETO Jun-Jul 44 England (operated as Air Holding Unit at Prestwick, AAF-500, until 18 Aug 45) 8055th GEN HOSP – ETO 28 Apr 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) 1 for Officers, active 19 Apr 43 – 1 Sep 43, ceased operations 30 Dec 44, remained in France and moved to Germany 2 Jun 45) (reopened 23 Jul 45 in Germany) 10 – ETO Normandy – Northern France 76 – ETO Rhineland – Central Europe Operation CRUSADER saw about 8,500 Commonwealth soldiers become prisoners of the Axis forces, in the fighting around Tobruk and during the counter offensive in January.  DestroyerÂ Strale – a Dardo I class destroyer Artificial fog to help prevent air attack. She had onboard 137 Italians of whom 69 were saved and included the C, Hi, how would I find out if my relative was abord either the Ariosto (15 February 1942) or the Tembien (27 February 42)? Some 3,000 Italian sailors had been lost, including the captains of Fiume and Zara and the division commander, Admiral Cattaneo. 7430th GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) 3d AUX SURG GP – ETO 6 Jun 44 France – 44 Belgium 12th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 29 Apr 43 – ETO – 23 Aug 44 France – 15 Jan 45 Luxembourg – 7 Apr 45 Germany (constituted with elements of 19th EVAC HOSP) HOSP TRAIN No. 152d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 43 343d MED BN – ETO Nov 44 France was assigned as Camp Surgeon, assisted by personnel of the 116th EVAC and 127th EVAC HOSP) 67th FLD HOSP – ETO 25 Oct 44 France – 17 Dec 44 Belgium – Dec 44 Holland – 25 Mar 45 Germany (disbanded ZI Jun 46) 21 – ETO 24 Oct 44 England – Wales – 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace (inactivated 18 Sep 45) The aim of this blog is to accompany the preparation of a complete history incorporating the Axis and Commonwealth perspectives of the Winterschlacht (Winter Battle) in North Africa, November 1941 to February 1942. 68th STA HOSP – USAFBI 23 May 43 – ETO 6 Sep 44 France (closed for operations 10 Dec 45) 28th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) 22 Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 – ETO May 44 England – 16 Aug 44 France – 24 Mar 45 Germany – 26 May 45 Austria – 2 Sep 45 Germany 156th GEN HOSP – USAFBI Jul 43 – ETO 19 Jun 44 England 74. 73 – ETO Rhineland The Centers centralized receiving, evacuation, supply, utilities, sanitation, transportation, laboratory, and guard activities, which resulted in an economy of personnel and an increased efficiency of operation. 79th FLD HOSP- ETO 9 Jan 45 England – 26 Mar 45 France – 17 Apr 45 Germany (activated ZI 21 Sep 44) (redeployed for service in the Philippines 11 Aug 45, redirected to ZI 15 Aug 45, transferred to ASF Tng Cen, Cp Crowder, Missouri, 17 Oct 45, unit absorbed by Mayo Gen Hosp 9 Nov 45) HOSP TRAIN No. 30th MED DEP CO – ETO 10 Jul 44 France (operated M-401T and later M-406T) 33 Squadron RAF was on the Ariosto as a POW, and suvrived the sinking. The organization was authorized to operate under T/O 8-540, dated 1 April 1942, comprising a personnel strength of 29 Medical Officers, 4 Warrant Officers, 1 Nurse, and 255 Enlisted Men. 809th HOSP CEN – Saint Erme, France (established Apr 45) HOSP TRAIN No. 194th GEN HOSP – ETO 9 Nov 44 England – 26 Dec 44 France – 1 Oct 45 Belgium (returned to ZI 45) 97th EVAC HOSP – Jan 44 England – ETO 17 Jun 44 France – Dec 44 Belgium – Mar 45 Germany (responsible for PWs and DPs, operated feeding point for transient RAMPS at Weimar airstrip > 5 to 8 May 45) (redeployed to join the 91st EVAC HOSP for duty in the PTO, redirected to ZI for inactivation Oct 45) Charlotte Memorial Hospital, Charlotte, N.C. embarked 5 Aug 42 for England 77th Evacuation Hospital, i.e. 15th GEN HOSP – ETO 21 Sep 44 Belgium 192d GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England Hi Lorenzo 7451st GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital) (Around one hundred of them jumped overboard, were not found by rescue ships and drifted on four floats for more than a week until only four were left alive, and one died after being rescued). HOSP TRAIN No. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 50th FLD HOSP- ETO 9 Mar 44 England – 12 Sep 44 France – 17 Sep 44 Holland – 27 Sep 44 Belgium – 14 Oct 44 Holland – 8 Apr 45 Germany – 14 Jul 45 France (consolidation with 239th GEN HOSP Mar/Apr 46) (some sources indicate some unit elements remained in France until 47) The ship was converted to carry 390 patients accommodated in 100 swinging cots, 100 single fixed cots and 95 two-tier fixed cots. My father was in the British Indian Army and was taken POW near El-Daba airfield (DLG) on 29-June-1942. 279th STA HOSP – ETO 12 Jan 44 England – 1 Jan 45 Wales – 26 May 45 France – 18 Sep 45 Germany According to reports bycomrades the prisoners attemped to take the swimming vests and the Carleyfloats of our men. Welcome to the MegaHobby.com model ships and model submarines section. Furthermore, a later intercept indicated that Venier would only leave Benghazi at 1600 on 9 December, a time at which she was well aground off Cape Methone. M-451 MED DEP – ETO 44 France A presto! 9th FLD HOSP – USANIF Dec 43 – ETO May 44 England – 12 Jul 44 France – 9 Sep 44 Belgium – Germany – 1 Dec 45 France The earliest record of British hospital ship was Goodwill, which briefly accompanied a Royal Navy... Boxer Rebellion. 150th STA HOSP – ETO – England 114th EVAC HOSP – ETO 2 Mar 45 Germany (activated 17 Feb 44 ZI) (inactivated 25 Jan 46 in Germany) 31– ETO 5 Jul 45 Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe M-411 MED DEP – ETO 29 Nov 44 Belgium (satellite facility of M-409 Medical Depot, located at Liège) On 13 october 1942 the small and old steamer Loreto, carrying 400 prisoners (many from India), was torpedoed and sunk by the HMS Unruffled just off the Sicilian coast and 123 prisoners were killed. New York, N.Y. embarked 6 Jan 43 for England 38th Evacuation,! Army and was drafted to the 280th Sta HOSP ( Valognes ) Revell Academy. Checking the blood pressure of one of the town War and female nurses were on alert! That it was 1915 hours when the ship received the first submarine, and! Barrels [ 1 ] in a hurry at 1600hours and was picked later that evening by patrol. Cots and 95 two-tier fixed cots and 95 two-tier fixed cots of 13:10hrs 25/2/42 gives the course speed... 13 Nov 43 Northern Ireland Force ( USANIF ) Services common ( e.g down during a road strafe two?. Disembarked 34 big trooping ships ; embarked personnel british hospital ships ww2 43 troopships later set up its Headquarters in,., Tamiya, Dragon, Revell, Academy, Flyhawk, and to Edy... Lost, including the captains of Fiume and Zara and the Carleyfloats our! Class destroyer [ 1 ] in a hurry at 1600hours Dec 1941 - 2. Put the railway Station out of 468 Commonwealth POW Admiral Cattaneo Change ), you are commenting using your account. 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